Since 2014, more than two dozen faith-affiliated colleges and universities have been granted exemptions from Title IX, the 1972 federal law barring discrimination on the basis of sex in education, reports The New York Times. Relatively rare in the past, such waivers are increasingly being sought by religious colleges amid changing legal and social mores on sexual orientation and gender identity, according to gay- and transgender-rights advocates.
Activists said the government began extending Title IX protections to transgender students in 2013 and that the rash of waivers is a means for faith-based colleges to discriminate against transgender students and employees. The waivers exempt schools from Title IX provisions that conflict with beliefs regarding sexuality, gender, and marital status. Leaders at religious colleges say the exceptions are necessary for them to abide by their creeds on such issues.